Codeine – The Dangers

Codeine addiction affects people in many different parts of the world, especially in places where it is available to purchase without a prescription. If taken in unmoderated doses over a long period of time, codeine addiction can result.

This isn’t surprising when you look into where Codeine actually comes from. Codeine comes from the poppy flower, the same source as morphine and heroin; it acts as a powerful painkiller. This prescription drug is used to treat such minor ailments as headaches, pain, anxiety and hypertension. Long-term Codeine abuse can cause many different health problems for the user.

When a drug has addiction potential and is freely available from pharmacies and supermarkets, this can result in consumers using more than the recommended dose. It is possible to start building a tolerance that inevitably leads to using in greater and greater quantities. If one Codeine pill doesn’t cure your headache, then two will, if two doesn’t work, then four will and so on.

A decrease in sex drive is the main indicator that someone is abusing Codeine. There are other signs that could indicate Codeine abuse such as drowsiness and slow motor skills.

Codeine addiction is just as serious as heroin or morphine abuse and should be treated by admission into a drug rehabilitation centre. The addict will try to consume Codeine in any way that is available. This includes, but is not limited to, oral use, smoking, and injected.

When the addict is using, they will experience euphoria, and will try to reach that same peak every time they use. This means increased dosages over time. As with most varieties of addiction, a Codeine addict may try and manage their dependency for a time. Eventually, their life becomes unmanageable and the user will begin to withdraw from society.

Anyone can become addicted to Codeine, especially if you’re using it on a long-term basis for acute or chronic pain. Codeine is also a popular recreational drug. It produces the same kind of high as heroin and suppresses emotional physical pain. There is also a common practice of mixing alcoholic beverages with Codeine to heighten the effects. These cocktails are extremely dangerous and can lead to an accidental overdose.

Defeating an addiction to Codeine is not easy. Withdrawal symptoms include: a racing heart beat, sweating, twitching, stomach pain, fever and vomiting.

Codeine abuse has long term physical effects that can cause health complications later in life. There are drug rehabilitation centers available that can help the addict to detox and cope with the withdrawal effects.

Much like a heroin or morphine addict, Codeine addiction is not something a user can beat on their own. Many rehab centres offer counselling services for family and friends. If you or a family member are suffering from Codeine addiction there are many medical services professionals who can help you find a place to recover and regain your life.

Legal But Deadly: Opiod Addiction

This is written for those who have fallen victim to addiction. Whether you were born into a wealthy family, or one suffering in poverty, addiction does not discriminate. Majority of the population in the United States do not have a true understanding of addiction as it is. Many of us think a certain person’s addiction is not as serious because it is legal. It could very possibly be legal, by prescription or doctor’s order. However it does not mean it is harmless. Anything that is not over the counter (OTC) can be potentially deadly.

Did you know that most addictions to opiates (i.e. codeine, hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine, and heroin) and opioids (i.e. methadone, suboxone) start off with an injury or illness? It’s true. Automobile accidents, tooth aches, headaches, back pain, sports or on-the-job injuries occur every day. There were over six million automobile accidents in the United States in 2005. Because of that, nearly 3 million people were injured. Every year, approximately 4 million employees suffer from work related injuries. Most of these victims have been treated or prescribed with a pain medication of one form or another. No wonder the pharmaceutical industries are multi-billion dollar industries.

Pain medication is the second highest abused drug in the United States, after marijuana. Usually when a victim starts noticing that they are abusing prescription pain medications, they are already experiencing withdrawals. These withdrawals can be excruciating. Methadone and suboxone are known to help those who are coming off of opiates and opioids. Methadone has potential health risks which include the risk of arrhythmia (irregular heartbeats), irregular breathing, osteoporosis as well as sexual dysfunction.

Suboxone is both an opioid blocker and an opioid. It does have the effect of blocking the receptors however it is still a mild opioid. It produces sensations similar to morphine, codeine and heroin however with a lower euphoric effect. Therefore it is easier to get off of. If a person desires to use suboxone, they should start while going through withdrawals. If a person is using before the withdrawal symptoms start, this can cause the person to be violently sick. This can cause undesirable want to continue the treatment. Keep in mind that in order to be certain that you are weaning yourself off of an opiate or opioid, some discomfort is normal. Otherwise you are still feeding to your addiction.

Both methadone and suboxone are legal if they are prescribed and taken as ordered. However, take note that they are both narcotics and can be addictive. Overdose can still occur. Finding them sold illegally in the streets is a possibility as well. Therefore if someone is unable to control their dosage, it is advised for that person to do an inpatient medical detoxification which is under a physician’s guidance. These drugs also have a longer half-life. Which means it takes longer to get out of a person’s system. A single tablet can remain in the victim’s body for up to five days although the effects are lower. With more and more doses, this means that the chances of overdose are great. Longer half-life also means that the withdrawal symptoms will last longer and be of more extreme. They can be more painful than heroin and other opiates themselves.

Any kind of treatment should be used to better a person. Not to enable a person to keep feeding the addiction they are suffering from. Sometimes the victims of addiction think that this is a good way to feed their dependency without the side effects of withdrawals. This is where drug abuse becomes legal and in a number of years, they find themselves no longer addicted to heroin, morphine or etc. However now they are hooked on methadone or suboxone.

Side Effects of Opiate Addiction

Opiates are often referred to as narcotics and have been used medically to relieve pain for centuries. In the early 19th century, pure morphine extract was suitable for solution, and with the advent of the hypodermic needle in the mid-19th century, injection of morphine became a common method of pain relief. In 1898, heroin was introduced into the medical community as a remedy for addiction to morphine. However, it was soon revealed that heroin was even more likely to produce addiction than morphine. While opiates began their start in the medical community, they have quickly become one of the most commonly abused drug groups. Today, only codeine and morphine are still used in the clinical setting for pain management. The opiates drug group includes opium, morphine, codeine and heroin, among other synthetic opiates such as Demerol.

Short-term and Long-term Effects of Opiates

Opiates can cause serious health complications, such as fatal overdose, spontaneous abortion, and infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, particularly in users who inject opiates.

Opiates have short-term effects that appear quite soon after a dose and last a few hours. After injection of opiates, the user typically reports feeling a rush of euphoria, an increase in body temperature, dry mouth, and a heavy feeling in their limbs. The user then spends the next few hours alternating from a wakeful to a drowsy state until the drug wears off.

Regular use of opiates leads to a buildup of a user’s tolerance. This means that the user must increase their subsequent dose of opiates to achieve the same effect as before. As the user increase their dose and its frequency over time, they develop physical dependency and addiction. Their body has acclimated to the drug use, and has grown to depend on the presence of drugs in order to function properly. If the user stops the drug flow, uncomfortable and even dangerous withdrawal symptoms may occur. Death from a opiate overdose often occurs when a user who has been off opiates for some time resumes taking the same amount of drug they are used to. During a period of time when a person is not using the body’s tolerance will decrease, the resulting effect is a drug overdose.

Opiates also have long-term effects that appear after repeated use over a long period of time. Addicts who have been using for a long period of time often ignore their health because the only thing that matters is getting more of that drug. This self neglect can take the form of not eating and ignoring personal hygiene, which makes the user more susceptible to disease. Longtime users may develop collapsed veins, infections in their heart and valves, and liver disease. Because opiates depress respiration, pulmonary complications, such as pneumonia, may occur in longtime users due to respiratory depression and the poor health of the drug user.

Opiate Withdrawal

Opiate withdrawal can be incredibly painful, and in some case very dangerous. Withdrawal symptoms may occur as soon as a few hours after the last dose in users who have been regularly abusing opiates. Withdrawal symptoms include intense cravings for opiates, restlessness, body pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, and cold flashes among other symptoms. In longtime, heavy users who are in poor health, withdrawal can occasionally be fatal. Withdrawal symptoms for most users typically subside within a week.